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J. J. Butts
J.J. Butts is an Assistant Professor of English at Simpson College in Indianola, Iowa. Prior to this, he held full-time appointments at Wartburg College and Hunter College. After studying English and Anthropology at Appalachian State University, he received master’s and doctoral degrees in English from Syracuse University. He currently serves on the Advisory Board of the Space Between Society and is the Review Editor of its journal The Space Between: Literature and Culture, 1914-45. His work focuses on literature’s engagement with the emergent welfare state. He has published essays on representation of public housing and the critique of causal certainty in collective novels. He was awarded Honorable Mention for the Joe Weixlmann Award by African American Review for an essay focusing on documentary intertexts of the Federal Writers’ Project. Currently he is working on a book manuscript, Building in the Valley of Ashes: Literature and Development in the New Deal, which explores the discourses of planning and development in literature of the New Deal era, as well as an essay focusing on Woody Guthrie’s songs for the Bonneville Power Administration.