Channels Ran Through It—The Lawrence Formation at Lone Star Lake, Douglas County, Kansas

Authors

  • Paul Enos University of Kansas
  • Robert D. Jefferson University of Kansas
  • Staci L. Goetz University of Kansas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17161/cres.v0i254.11786

Keywords:

keyword

Abstract

The upper part of the Ireland Sandstone Member of the Lawrence Formation exposed in the spillway of Lone Star Lake, southwest of Lawrence, Kansas, consists of abundant pinstripe-bedded shales and siltstones; thin, lenticular sandstone and siltstone beds; and meter-scale, channel-form sandstone and mudstone lenses. Soft-sediment-deformation structures, including load casts, ball-and-pillow, and pseudonodules are abundant. The lenticular and pinstripe bedding with bipolar paleocurrents suggests tide-influenced deposition. The crosscutting, channel-form deposits are interpreted as tidal channels in an environment with low energy but rapid sedimentation. The depositional environment was a tide-dominated, muddy upper estuary cut by tidal channels. Gravitational instabilities resulting from rapid deposition of sand over saturated mud produced inverse-density gradients that resulted in soft-sediment deformation.

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Published

2008-07-16