Quaternary Stratigraphy and Stratigraphic Nomenclature Revisions in Kansas


  • Anthony L. Layzell Kansas Geological Survey
  • Robert S. Sawin Kansas Geological Survey
  • Rolfe D. Mandel Kansas Geological Survey
  • Greg A. Ludvigson Kansas Geological Survey
  • Evan K. Franseen Kansas Geological Survey
  • Ronald R. West Emeritus Professor, Kansas State University
  • W. Lynn Watney Kansas Geological Survey






This paper outlines Quaternary nomenclature changes to Zeller (1968) that have been adopted by the Kansas Geological Survey (KGS). The KGS formally recognizes two series/epochs for the Quaternary: the Holocene and Pleistocene. Pleistocene stage/age names Kansan, Aftonian, Nebraskan, and Yarmouthian are abandoned and replaced with the broader term "pre-Illinoian." Formation names Bignell, Peoria, Gilman Canyon, and Loveland are maintained for loess units. Formation names for the following alluvial lithostratigraphic units are abandoned: Crete, Sappa, Grand Island, Fullerton, and Holdrege. The Severance Formation is adopted as a new lithostratigraphic unit for thick packages of late Pleistocene alluvium and colluvium in Kansas. The DeForest Formation is accepted as a valid lithostratigraphic unit for deposits of fine-grained Holocene alluvium in Kansas. Formation names Iowa Point, Nickerson, and Cedar Bluffs for glacial tills and Atchison and David City for glaciofluvial deposits are abandoned. The Afton and Yarmouth Soils are abandoned as pedostratigraphic units, whereas the Sangamon Geosol and Brady Geosol are maintained.


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