Geological characterization of the Patterson CO2 storage site from 3-D seismic data
Keywords:CO2 Storage, 3-D Seismic Interpretation, Patterson Site, Mississippian Incised Valley
Approximately 26 square miles of new 3-D seismic data were acquired in July 2019 over the Patterson Site (Kearny County, Kansas) to assess its potential for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage. Seismic interpretation revealed that the Patterson Site contains multiple structural closures that lie on uplifted fault blocks, bounded by two reverse faults that strike nearly perpendicular to each other. These faults offset Precambrian through Pennsylvanian sections, including several primary reservoir and seal intervals. Fault displacements are maximum at the Precambrian basement and decrease upward. Data indicated a range of structural and combination traps exists at the Patterson Site in the Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle through Mississippian Osagian reservoirs. The three-way closures along the NW–SE fault have structural relief of ~130 ft (40 m), and the four-way closures contain relief of ~60 ft (18 m). Erosional surfaces and multiple basement fractures also are observed on the top of the Precambrian. A Mississippian-aged incised valley system also was observed at the Patterson Site. The incised valleys formed during the Meramecian-Chesteran Stages with an incised depth up to 250 ft (76 m). The motion of the reverse faults likely captured existing meandering and linear channels, causing the current deeply incised morphology. The incised valleys observed at Patterson are similar in age, structural style, shape, incision depth, and seismic attribute properties to incised valleys observed by other workers at Pleasant Prairie South, Eubank, and Shuck oil fields (southwest Kansas). Further research should focus on estimating reactivation tendency and sealing characteristics of the reverse faults to evaluate the seal integrity of the saline reservoirs. This will reduce uncertainty concerning the risk of CO2 migration during injection and storage. Further reservoir description, modeling, and simulation are also underway to characterize the storage potential at the Patterson Site.
Allmendinger, R. W., Cardozo, N. C., and Fisher, D., 2013, Structural Geology Algorithms: Vectors & Tensors: Cambridge, England, Cambridge University Press, 289 p.
Byrnes, A., Willhite, G. P., Green, D., Pancake, R., Tsau, J. S., Watney, W. L., Doveton, J., Guy, W., Reynolds, R., Murfin, D., Daniels, J., Martin, R., Flanders, W., Vander Griend, D., Mork, E., and Cantrell, P., 2010, Field demonstration of carbon dioxide miscible flooding in the Lansing-Kansas City Formation, Central Kansas: Final Report, Award Number DE-AC26-00BC15124. http://www.kgs.ku.edu/CO2/Reports/Final_Report_March2010.pdf
Dubois, M. K., Williams, E. T., Youle, J. C., and Hedke, D. E., 2015, Potential for CO2 storage and enhanced oil recovery in four southwest Kansas oil fields, an extended abstract; in Modeling CO2 sequestration in saline aquifer and depleted oil reservoir to evaluate regional CO2 sequestration potential of Ozark Plateau aquifer system, south-central Kansas, W. L. Watney, J. Rush, and J. Raney, eds.: final report, award number DE-FE0002056, p. IV1–IV19. doi:10.2172/1262248
Gupta, M., Spikes, K., and Hardage, B., 2017, Characterization of naturally fractured Arbuckle Group in the Wellington Field, Kansas, using S-wave amplitude variation with offset: Interpretation, v. 5, no. 1, p. T49–T63.
Hawkes, C. D., Bachu, S., Haug, K., and Thompson, A. W., 2005, Analysis of in-situ stress regime in the Alberta Basin, Canada, for performance assessment of CO2 geological sequestration sites: Proceedings Fourth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, p. 2–5.
Holubnyak, Y., Dubois, M., Bidgoli, T., Wreath, D., Watney, L., Stover, S., Newell, D., Fazelalavi, F., Hollenbach, A., Jennings, J., Steincamp, C., Schremmer, J., Jordan, B., Crabtree, B., Christensen, J., McFarlane, D., Doveton, J., Krishnamurthy, K., Byron, M., and Watts, K., 2018, Integrated CCS for Kansas (ICKan) Final Technical Report. doi:10.2172/1491482
Holubnyak, Y., Dubois, M., and Hollenbach, J., 2020, Selecting CO2 sinks CCUS deployment in South Mid-West Kansas; in Gas Injection into Geological Formations and Related Topics, Y. Wu, J. J. Carroll, M. Hao, and W. Zhu, eds.: Beverly, Massachusetts, Scrivener Publishing, p. 161–183.
Holubnyak, Y., Dubois, M., Hollenbach, J., and Hasiuk, F., 2019, Challenges and opportunities for commercial-scale carbon capture and storage in Kansas: SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Society of Petroleum Engineers, p. 1–10.
Holubnyak, Y., Watney, W., Birdie, T., Rush, J., and Fazelalavi, M., 2016, Reservoir modeling of CO2 injection in Arbuckle saline aquifer at Wellington Field, Sumner County, Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2016-29, 150 p.
Holubnyak, Y., Watney, L., Hollenbach, J., Birdie, T., Fazelalavi, M., Bidgoli, T., Schwab, D., Nolte, A., Tsoflias, G., Victorine, J., Graham, B., Doveton, J., Bruns, J., Blazer, B., and Wreath, D., 2017, Small scale field test demonstrating CO2 sequestration in Arbuckle saline aquifer and by CO2-EOR at Wellington Field, Sumner County, Kansas: final report, award number DE-FE00006821. https://www.netl.doe.gov/sites/default/files/2018-02/DE-FE00006821-Final-reportV6.pdf
KGS (Kansas Geological Survey), 2001, Background: The Hugoton Project: an industry-university-government study of the oil & gas resources of southwest Kansas. http://www.kgs.ku.edu/Hugoton/background.html
KGS (Kansas Geological Survey), 2007, Hugoton Asset Management Project (HAMP): Hugoton Geomodel Final Report: Kansas Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2007-6. http://www.kgs.ku.edu//PRS/publication/2007/OFR07_06/index.html
Merriam, D. F., 1963, The geologic history of Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Bulletin 162, 317 p.
Metz, B., Davidson, O., and De Coninck, H., eds., 2005, Carbon dioxide capture and storage: Special report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change: New York, Cambridge University Press, 442 p.
Miller, R. D., Raef, A. E., Byrnes, A. P., Lambrecht, J. L., and Harrison, W. E., 2004, 4-D high-resolution seismic reflection monitoring of miscible CO2 injected into a carbonate reservoir in the Hall-Gurney Field, Russell County, Kansas [Exp. Abs.]: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, p. 2,259–2,262.
Newell, K. D., Watney, W. L., Cheng, W. L., and Brownrigg, R. L., 1989, Stratigraphic and spatial distribution of oil and gas production in Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Subsurface Geology Series 9, 86 p.
Ohl, D., and Raef, A., 2014, Rock formation characterization for carbon dioxide geosequestration: 3D seismic amplitude and coherency anomalies, and seismic petrophysical facies classification, Wellington and Anson-Bates Fields, Kansas, USA: Journal of Applied Geophysics, v. 103, p. 221–231.
Rader, K., 1987, Petrographic and subsurface analysis of Pennsylvanian Morrow sandstones of southwestem Kansas: M.S. thesis, University of Colorado, 106 p.
Raef, A. E., Miller, R. D., Byrnes, A. P., and Harrison, W. E., 2005, Rock physics and seismic modeling guided application of 4D-seismic attributes to monitoring enhanced oil recovery CO2-flood in a thin carbonate reservoir, Hall Gurney Field, Kansas, U.S.A. [Abs.]: Annual conference of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, June 19–22, 2005, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Raef, A. E., Miller, R. D., Franseen, E. K., Byrnes, A. P., Watney, W. L., and Harrison, W. E., 2005, 4D seismic to image a thin carbonate reservoir during a miscible CO2 flood: Hall-Gurney field, Kansas, USA: The Leading Edge, v. 24, no. 5, p. 521–526.
Schlumberger, 2015, Recommended seismic volume attributes: Schlumberger product sheet poster. https://www.software.slb.com/products/petrel/petrel-geophysics/multitrace-attribute
Schwab, D. R., Bidgoli, T. S., and Taylor, M. H., 2017, Characterizing the potential for injection-induced fault reactivation through subsurface structural mapping and stress field analysis, Wellington Field, Sumner County, Kansas: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, v. 122, p. 10,132–10,154. doi:10.1002/2017JB014071
Sullivan, M., Rodosta, T., Mahajan, K., and Damiani, D., 2019, An overview of the Department of Energy’s CarbonSAFE Initiative: Moving CCUS toward commercialization: AIChE Journal, e16855.
Watney, W. L., Rush, J., and Raney, J., 2016, Modeling CO2 sequestration in saline aquifer and depleted oil reservoir to evaluate regional CO2 sequestration potential of Ozark Plateau aquifer system, south-central Kansas, final report, Award Number: DE-FE0002056. doi:10.2172/1262248
Yielding, G., Freeman, B., and Needham, T., 1997, Quantitative fault seal prediction: AAPG Bulletin, v. 81, p. 897–91.
Youle, J. C., 1991, Sequence stratigraphy of the lower Middle Pennsylvanian in the eastern Hugoton Embayment of southwestern Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, Open-File Report 91-52, p. 142–172. http://www.kgs.ku.edu/PRS/publication/1991/OFR91_52/Youle/
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors can view article download statistics for published articles within their accounts.
The following is an agreement between the Author (the “Corresponding Author”) acting on behalf of all authors of the work (“Authors”) and Midcontinent Geoscience (the “Journal”) regarding your article (the “Work”) that is being submitted for consideration.
Whereas the parties desire to promote effective scholarly communication that promotes local control of intellectual assets, the parties for valuable consideration agree as follows.
A. CORRESPONDING AUTHOR’S GRANT OF RIGHTS
After being accepted for publication, the Corresponding Author grants to the Journal, during the full term of copyright and any extensions or renewals of that term, the following:
1. An irrevocable non-exclusive right to reproduce, republish, transmit, sell, distribute, and otherwise use the Work in electronic and print editions of the Journal and in derivative works throughout the world, in all languages, and in all media now known or later developed.
2. An irrevocable non-exclusive right to create and store electronic archival copies of the Work, including the right to deposit the Work in open access digital repositories.
3. An irrevocable non-exclusive right to license others to reproduce, republish, transmit, and distribute the Work under the condition that the Authors are attributed. Currently this is carried out by publishing the content under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 license (CC BY-NC.)
4. Copyright in the Work remains with the Authors.
B. CORRESPONDING AUTHOR’S DUTIES
1. When distributing or re-publishing the Work, the Corresponding Author agrees to credit the Journal as the place of first publication.
2. The Corresponding Author agrees to inform the Journal of any changes in contact information.
C. CORRESPONDING AUTHOR’S WARRANTY
The Corresponding Author represents and warrants that the Work is the Authors’ original work and that it does not violate or infringe the law or the rights of any third party and, specifically, that the Work contains no matter that is defamatory or that infringes literary or proprietary rights, intellectual property rights, or any rights of privacy. The Corresponding Author also warrants that he or she has the full power to make this agreement, and if the Work was prepared jointly, the Corresponding Author agrees to inform the Authors of the terms of this Agreement and to obtain their written permission to sign on their behalf. The Corresponding Author agrees to hold the Journal harmless from any breach of the aforestated representations.
D. JOURNAL’S DUTIES
In consideration of the Author’s grant of rights, the Journal agrees to publish the Work, attributing the Work to the Authors.
E. ENTIRE AGREEMENT
This agreement reflects the entire understanding of the parties. This agreement may be amended only in writing by an addendum signed by the parties. Amendments are incorporated by reference to this agreement.
ACCEPTED AND AGREED BY THE CORRESPONDING AUTHOR ON BEHALF OF ALL AUTHORS CONTRIBUTING TO THIS WORK