Geological characterization of the Patterson CO2 storage site from 3-D seismic data

Authors

Keywords:

CO2 Storage, 3-D Seismic Interpretation, Patterson Site, Mississippian Incised Valley

Abstract

Approximately 26 square miles of new 3-D seismic data were acquired in July 2019 over the Patterson Site (Kearny County, Kansas) to assess its potential for carbon dioxide (CO2) storage. Seismic interpretation revealed that the Patterson Site contains multiple structural closures that lie on uplifted fault blocks, bounded by two reverse faults that strike nearly perpendicular to each other. These faults offset Precambrian through Pennsylvanian sections, including several primary reservoir and seal intervals. Fault displacements are maximum at the Precambrian basement and decrease upward. Data indicated a range of structural and combination traps exists at the Patterson Site in the Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle through Mississippian Osagian reservoirs. The three-way closures along the NW–SE fault have structural relief of ~130 ft (40 m), and the four-way closures contain relief of ~60 ft (18 m). Erosional surfaces and multiple basement fractures also are observed on the top of the Precambrian. A Mississippian-aged incised valley system also was observed at the Patterson Site. The incised valleys formed during the Meramecian-Chesteran Stages with an incised depth up to 250 ft (76 m). The motion of the reverse faults likely captured existing meandering and linear channels, causing the current deeply incised morphology. The incised valleys observed at Patterson are similar in age, structural style, shape, incision depth, and seismic attribute properties to incised valleys observed by other workers at Pleasant Prairie South, Eubank, and Shuck oil fields (southwest Kansas). Further research should focus on estimating reactivation tendency and sealing characteristics of the reverse faults to evaluate the seal integrity of the saline reservoirs. This will reduce uncertainty concerning the risk of CO2 migration during injection and storage. Further reservoir description, modeling, and simulation are also underway to characterize the storage potential at the Patterson Site.

Author Biographies

Jenny Meng, Kansas Geological Survey

Jenny Meng is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Kansas Geological Survey.

Eugene Holubnyak, Kansas Geological Survey

Eugene Holubnyak is a Petroleum Engineer at the Kansas Geological Survey.

Franek Hasiuk, Kansas Geological Survey

Franek Hasiuk is an Associate Scientist at the Kansas Geological Survey.

Jenn Hollenbach, Kansas Geological Survey

Jenn Hollenbach is the CO2 Research Project Manager at the Kansas Geological Survey.

Dana Wreath, Berexco LLC

Dana Wreath is the Vice President of Berexco LLC.

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Published

2020-11-24

How to Cite

Meng, Jingyao, Yevhen Holubnyak, Franciszek Hasiuk, Jennifer Hollenbach, and Dana Wreath. 2020. “Geological Characterization of the Patterson CO2 Storage Site from 3-D Seismic Data”. Midcontinent Geoscience 1 (November):52-90. https://journals.ku.edu/mg/article/view/13795.