rangemap: An R Package to Explore Species' Geographic Ranges

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Marlon E. Cobos
Vijay Barve
Narayani Barve
Alberto Jiménez-Valverde
Claudia Nuñez-Penichet


Data exploration is a critical step in understanding patterns and biases in information about species’ geographic distributions. We present rangemap, an R package that implements tools to explore species’ ranges based on simple analyses and visualizations. The rangemap package uses species occurrence coordinates, spatial polygons, and raster layers as input data. Its analysis tools help to generate simple spatial polygons summarizing ranges based on distinct approaches, including spatial buffers, convex and concave (alpha) hulls, trend-surface analysis, and raster reclassification. Visualization tools included in the package help to produce simple, high-quality representations of occurrence data and figures summarizing resulting ranges in geographic and environmental spaces. Functions that create ranges also allow generating extents of occurrence (using convex hulls) and areas of occupancy according to IUCN criteria. A broad community of researchers and students could find in rangemap an interesting means by which to explore species’ geographic distributions.


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How to Cite
Cobos, Marlon E., Vijay Barve, Narayani Barve, Alberto Jiménez-Valverde, and Claudia Nuñez-Penichet. 2022. “Rangemap: An R Package to Explore Species’ Geographic Ranges”. Biodiversity Informatics 17 (May). https://doi.org/10.17161/bi.v17i.16271.
Software and Protocols (peer-reviewed)