The Artist Nomad
Soviet Dissident Artists in the West
When Ronald Reagan infamously declared the Soviet Union to be the “Evil Empire” in 1983, he was playing upon a fundamental axiom of Cold War politics: that the world can be neatly divided between the First World of Capitalism and the Second World of Communism. Equating this divide with that of good and evil only served to strengthen the notion that the two sides were mutually exclusive. Personal politics were an extension of this perspective. One was either a Capitalist or a Communist—to reject one was equivalent to embracing the other. This paper examines the art of dissident artists such as Alexander Kosolapov, Leonid Sokov, and Ilya Kabakov; artists from the Soviet Union who were exiled to the West during the Cold War. It seeks to better understand why these artists’ rebellion against the Soviet system did not translate into an embrace of Western culture upon arrival in America. The roots of their critical artistic approach are interpreted through the prism of ideological nomadism which reveals their art to be deeply ambivalent. These artworks are analyzed as a disruption to the binary understanding of the Cold War and Post-Soviet eras by their embrace of a liminal position in the overlap between the capitalist and communist cultural milieus.
Copyright (c) 2019 Clinton Jacob Buhler
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyrights are held by the authors. Articles in the Journal of Russian American Studies are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Journal of Russian American Studies
Authors, please provide the following information:
Title of Proposed Article:
Projected Year of Publication:
The following is an agreement between the author listed above (the “Author”) and the Journal of Russian American Studies (JRAS) (the “Publisher”) and governs the above-stated proposed article (the “Work”).
Section 1: Author’s Grant of Rights
In consideration of the Publisher’s agreement to publish the Work in JRAS, the Author hereby grants to the Publisher a license on the following terms:
1.1 The irrevocable, royalty-free right to publish, reproduce, publicly display, publicly perform and distribute the Work in perpetuity throughout the world in all means of expression by any method or media now known or hereafter developed, including electronic format;
1.2 The irrevocable, royalty-free right to use the Author’s name and likeness in association with the Work in published form and in advertising and promotional materials; and
1.3 The irrevocable, royalty-free right to license others to do any or all of the above.
Section 2: Prior Publication & Publication by Others
2.1 The Author agrees not to publish the Work, or authorize any third party to publish the Work, either in print or electronically, prior to publication of the Work by the Publisher.
2.2 The Author agrees not to publish the Work in any journal which is substantially similar to JRAS for a period of one (1) year after publication of the Work in JRAS.
2.3 The Publisher requests that, should the Author publish or distribute the Work elsewhere at any time or in any alternate format, the Author cite the publication in JRAS by author, title, and publisher, through a tagline, author bibliography, or similar means. A sample acknowledgement would be:
"Reprinted with permission from the author. Originally published in the Journal of Russian American Studies, https://journals.ku.edu/jras"
Section 3: Editing and Formatting
The Author authorizes the Publisher to edit the Work and to make such modifications as are technically necessary or desirable to exercise the rights in Section 1 in differing media and formats. The Publisher will make no material modification to the content of the Work without the Author’s consent.
Section 4: Author’s Ownership of Copyright and Reservation of Rights
4.1 Nothing in this agreement constitutes a transfer of the copyright by the Author, and the copyright in the Work is subject to the rights granted by this agreement.
4.2 The Author retains the following rights, including but not limited to, the right:
4.2.1 To reproduce and distribute the Work, and to authorize others to reproduce and distribute the Work, in any format;
4.2.2 To post a version of the Work in an institutional repository or the Author’s personal or departmental web page so long as JRAS is cited as the source of first publication of the Work (see sample acknowledgement above).
4.2.3 To include the Work, in whole or in part, in another work, subject to Section 2 above and provided that JRAS is cited as the source of first publication of the Work (see sample acknowledgement above).
4.3 Articles in JRAS are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license that allows others to distribute, remix, and build upon the Work for non-commercial purposes, as long as they credit the Author for the original creation.
Section 5: Author’s Warranties and Undertakings
The Author warrants that:
5.1 The Author is the sole author of the Work, or if a joint author, the Author has identified within the Work the other authors, and holds the copyright and has the power to convey the rights granted in this agreement.
5.2 The Work has not previously been published, in whole or in part, except as follows: _________________________________________________________________.
5.3 Any textual, graphic or multimedia material included in the Work that is the property or work of another is either explicitly identified by source and cited in the Work or is otherwise identified as follows: _________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________.
5.4 To the best of the Author’s knowledge, the Work does not contain matter that is obscene, libelous, or defamatory; it does not violate another’s civil right, right of privacy, right of publicity, or other legal right; and it is otherwise not unlawful.
5.5 To the best of the Author’s knowledge, the Work does not infringe the copyright or other intellectual property or literary rights of another.
5.6 The Author will indemnify and hold Publisher harmless against loss, damages, expenses, awards, and judgments arising from breach of any such warranties.
Section 6: The Reuse of Third-Party Works
The Publisher requires that you determine, prior to publication, whether it is necessary to obtain permissions from any third party who holds rights with respect to any photographs, illustratio