A Dying Trend or a Viable Option: Dual-Role Athletic Department Employees
AbstractAs athletic departments at the college/university level are trying to creatively balance the financial demands of supporting athletic programs with employee satisfaction and departmental needs, the topic of the dual-role employee tends to appear in conversation. The question remains, with all of the demands, in both administration and coaching, is it possible for a single person to successfully accomplish the job obligations in both areas?
Belzer, J. (2015). The dynamic role of the modern day college athletics director. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jasonbelzer/2015/02/19/the-
Bowen, W. G., & Levin, S. A. (2003). Reclaiming the game: College sports and educational values. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Cassidy-Lyke, S. (2015, June/July). Dual threat. Athletic Management. Retrieved from http://www.athleticmanagement.com/content/dual-threat
Cooper, C., & Weight, E. (2011). Investigating NCAA administrator values in NCAA Division I athletic departments. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 4(2), 74-89.
Frey, J. H. (1994). Deviance of organizational subunits: The case of college athletic departments. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 18(2), 110-122.
Frey, M. (2007). College coaches’ experiences with stress—“problem solvers” have problems too. The Sport Psychologist, 21, 38–57.
Getz, M., & Siegfried, J. J. (2012). College sports: The mystery of the zero-sum game. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 44(1), 52-59.
Green, S. (2015). George O’Leary steps down as UCF interim athletics director. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved from http://www.orlandosentinel.com/sports/ucf-knights/os-ucf-george-o-leary-athletics-director-20151012-story.html
Green, S., & Bianchi, M. (2015). UCF football coach George O’Leary is retiring. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved from http://www.orlandosentinel.com/sports/ucf-knights/
Heil, J. (2015). George O’Leary steps down as UCF’s interim AD. Central Florida Future. Retrieved from http://www.centralfloridafuture.com/story/sports/2015/10/12/espn-george-o-leary-step-down-ucf-interim-ad/73818270/
Hobson, W. & Rich, S. (2015, December 29). As college sports revenues spike, coaches aren’t the only ones cashing in. Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/as-college-sports-revenues-spike-coaches-arent-only-ones-cashing-in/2015/12/29/bbdb924e-ae15-11e5-9ab0-884d1cc4b33e_story.html?utm_term=.7ff1aa087992
Hodgson, P. (2014, October 21). Should the chairman be the CEO? Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2014/10/21/chairman-ceo/
Judge, L. W., & Judge, I. L. (2009). Understanding the occupational stress of interscholastic athletic directors. The ICHPER-SD Journal of Research in Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport & Dance, 4(2), 37-44.
Levy, A., Nicholls, A., Marchant, D., & Polman, R. (2009). Organisational stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: A longitudinal study with an elite coach. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 4(1), 31-45.
National Collegiate Athletic Association. (n.d.) So you want to be an athletics director. Retrieved from http://www.ncaa.org/governance/so-you-want-be-ad
National Collegiate Athletic Association. (2015a). 2016 Application for Division II Membership. Retrieved from http://www.ncaa.org/sites/default/files/2016%20DII%20Membership%20Application%20Instructions.pdf
National Collegiate Athletic Association. (2015b). Model for Success for a Division III Athletics Program. Retrieved from http://www.ncaa.org/sites/default/files/Model%2BDIII%2BAthletics%2BProgram-December%2B2013.pdf
Orlando, M. (2012). Leadership implications and ethical solutions of athletic directors in producing a successful Division I-A football program. Review of Management
Innovation & Creativity, 5 (14), 81-87.
Ryan T. D., Sagas, M. (2009). Relationships between pay satisfaction, work?family conflict, and coaching turnover intentions, Team Performance Management: An International Journal, 15(3/4), 128 – 140.
Ryska, T. A. (2002). Leadership styles and occupational stress among college athletic directors: The moderating effect of program goals. Journal of Psychology, 136(2), 195-213.
Schein, E. H. (1985). Organizational psychology (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Schulman, J. L., & Bowen, W. G. (2001). The game of life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sparvero, E. S., & Warner, S. (2013). The price of winning and the impact on the NCAA community. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 6(1), 120-142.
Stark, R. (2015). Division II athletics director proposal narrowly fails: Members approve similar compliance administrator proposals. NCAA.org. Retrieved from http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/media-center/news/division-ii-athletics-director-proposal-narrowly-fails
Tobin, E. M. (2005). Athletics in Division III institutions: Trends and concerns. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 85(3), 24-27.
Vealey, R. S., Udry, E. M., Zimmerman, V., & Soliday, J. (1992). Intrapersonal and situational predictors of coaching burnout. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14, 40-58.
Weaver, K. (2011). A game change: Paying for big-time college sports. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 43(1), 14-21.
Wolken, D. (2015). George O’Leary wants to stay on as athletic director at Central Florida. USAToday. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/ ncaaf/aac/2015/09/01/george-oleary-permanent-athletic-director-central-florida-step-down-coach/71507104/
Wong, G. (2014). The path to the athletic director’s office. Sports Business Daily. Retrieved from http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2014/06/09/In-Depth/Wong-olumn.aspx
Copyright (c) 2017 Tracy Trachsler
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-ND) License
1. License. You retain the copyright for your work. You here by grant to us a worldwide, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free, sublicensable license to:
• Reproduce, distribute and display the edited manuscript in the Journal of Amateur Sport (and other publications prepared by us or on our behalf) in any media now or hereafter known (including without limitation electronic publications such as the Internet, Google Scholar, and social media)
We do not restrict your distribution or use of the manuscript following publication in the Journal of Amateur Sport (in fact, we encourage it!). However, we have the right to publish the manuscript first on the journal website. Thus, the foregoing licenses are exclusive to us prior to our publication of the manuscript. You confirm that you have disclosed to us all previous or pending public disseminations of the manuscript, including without limitation any publications or acceptances by other journals or disseminations via websites or conference proceedings.
2. Other Confirmations. You confirm that you are the manuscripts sole author(s); you have the right to convey the foregoing licenses; the manuscript does not infringe any third party copyright, publicity/privacy right or other proprietary right; and the manuscript is not defamatory or otherwise unlawful. You shall defend and indemnify us against all claims based on any alleged breach of your confirmations in this contract.
Compensation: You will receive one (1) free copy (PDF) of the article published online in the Journal of Amateur Sport. You will receive no royalty or other monetary return from the Journal of Amateur Sport for use of the article. You do, however, have our extreme gratitude!
3. Entire Contract. This contract is the sole and exclusive agreement between the parties regarding the manuscript and supersedes all prior conversations and understandings regarding its subject matter. This contract may be modified or supplemented only by a mutually signed writing.