BOOK REVIEW Visual Thinking Strategies in Montessori Environments




Visual Thinking Strategies


Using almost 30 years of research, the National Center for Montessori in the Public Sector (NCMPS) and Philip Yenawine present the case for visual thinking strategies (VTS) as an opportunity to apply these strategies in the Montessori learning environment by centering engagement with art. The overall goal of VTS is to provide an accessible transformative learning experience through an open-ended discussion of visual art that increases a student’s literacy, language, and critical thinking skills.

Author Biography

John Broome, Purdue University

John P. Broome (he/him/his) is a clinical associate professor of social studies education and a former public high school social studies teacher in rural Virginia. His teaching, writing, and service focus is on equitable practices educating youth (formally and informally) to be justice-oriented citizens in their schools, communities, and daily lives. This practice extends to all types of schools and schooling – public, private, charter, and Montessori learning environments.

The core of his work comes from culturally responsive pedagogy and preparing educators to identify and understand the limitless cultural content around them. He teaches teachers how to connect this content to the formal curriculum through the appreciation of ethnic and heritage expressions and activities such as learning about and creating art, music, dance, stories, books, comic books, and graphic novels – in their schools, classrooms, and communities. His work is student-centered and humanity-driven.


Bickmore, S., Binford, P., & Rumohr-Voskuil, G. (2017). Crossing Selma’s bridge: Integrating Visual Discovery strategy and young adult literature to promote dialogue and understanding. Middle Grades Review, 3(3).

Hayes, A., Owens, S., & Simpson. D. J. (2010). Bring learning alive!: Methods to transform middle and high school social studies instruction. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute. Montessori, M. (2017). Formation of man. Montessori-Pierson.

Roswell, J., Mclean, C., & Hamilton, M. (2012). Visual literacy as a classroom approach. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 5(55), 444–447.

Suh, Y. (2013). Past looking: Using arts as historical evidence in teaching history. Social Studies Research and Practice, 8(1), 135–159.




How to Cite

Broome, J. (2022). BOOK REVIEW Visual Thinking Strategies in Montessori Environments. Journal of Montessori Research, 8(2), 44–47.