Bees of the genera <i>Dufourea</i> and <i>Dieunomia</i> of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae), with a key to the <i>Dufourea</i> of the eastern United States

Main Article Content

Jason Gibbs
Sheila Dumesh
Terry L. Griswold


The halictid bees of the genera Dufourea Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau (Rophitinae) and Dieunomia Cockerell (Nomiinae) occurring in Michigan are reviewed. Two new records for Michigan are provided: Dufourea harveyi (Cockerell), new status, and Dieunomia heteropoda (Say). This is also the first published record of D. harveyi in the eastern United States. The occurrence of Dieunomia in southwest Michigan is the first record of the subfamily Nomiinae for the state. Information on the biology and distribution of each species is summarized. An identification key to the Dufourea of the eastern United States is provided.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gibbs, J., Dumesh, S., & Griswold, T. L. (2014). Bees of the genera <i>Dufourea</i> and <i>Dieunomia</i> of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae), with a key to the <i>Dufourea</i> of the eastern United States. Journal of Melittology, (29), 1–15.


Alves-dos-Santos, I. 2003. Adaptations of bee proboscides for collecting pollen from Pontederiaceae flowers. In: Melo, G.A.R., & I. Alves-dos-Santos (Eds.), Apoidea Neotropica: Homenagem aos 90 Anos de Jesus Santiago Moure: 257–263. Editoria UNESC [Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense]; Criciúma, Brazil; xvi+320 pp.

Arduser, M.S. 1986. Records of Dufourea maura (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) from Isle Royale National Park, Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 19(3): 175–176.

Batra, S.W.T. 1966. Social behavior and nests of some nomiine bees in India (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). Insectes Sociaux 13(3): 145–154.

Blair, B.H. 1935. The bees of the group Dieunomia. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 43(2): 201–215.

Bouseman, J.K. 1976. Dufourea monardae (Viereck) in Illinois and Michigan (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49(4): 531–532.

Bouseman, J.K. 1986. Dufourea novaeangliae in Illinois, with confirmation of host plant (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Great Lakes Entomologist 19(4): 203–204.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1906. Descriptions and records of bees – VIII. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 17(98): 222–230.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1934. Records of western bees. American Museum Novitates 697: 1–15.

Cresson, E.T. 1878. Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of American Entomological Society 7: 63–136.

Danforth, B.N., C. Eardley, L. Packer, K. Walker, A. Pauly, & F.J. Randrianambinintsoa. 2008. Phylogeny of Halictidae with an emphasis on endemic African Halictinae. Apidologie 39(1): 86–101.

Dumesh, S., & C.S. Sheffield. 2012. Bees of the genus Dufourea Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Rophitinae) of Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 20: 1–36.

Eickwort, G.C., P.R. Kukuk, & F.R. Wesley. 1986. The nesting biology of Dufourea novaeangliae (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) and the systematic position of the Dufoureinae based on behavior and development. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 59(1): 103–120.

Evans, F.C. 1986. Bee-flower interactions on an old field in southeastern Michigan. In: Clambey, G.K., & R. H. Pemble (Eds.), The Prairie: Past, Present, and Future: Proceedings of the Ninth North American Prairie Conference, Held July 29 to August 1, 1984, Moorhead, Minnesota: 103–109. Tri-College University Center for Environmental Studies; Fargo, ND; 264 pp.

Gardiner, M.A., J.K. Tuell, R. Isaacs, J. Gibbs, J.S. Ascher, & D.A. Landis. 2010. Implications of three biofuel crops for beneficial arthropods in agricultural landscapes. BioEnergy Research 3(1): 6–19.

Graenicher, S. 1910. Wisconsin bees-new and little known species. Canadian Entomologist 42(4): 101–104.

Hedtke, S.M., S. Patiny, & B.N. Danforth. 2013. The bee tree of life: A supermatrix approach to apoid phylogeny and biogeography. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 138 [1–13]. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-138

Hurd, P.D., Jr. 1979. Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, Jr., D.R. Smith, & B.D. Burks (Eds.), Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico [Volume 2]: 1741–2209. Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington, DC; xvi+1199–2209 pp.

Hurd, P.D., Jr., W.E. LaBerge, & E.G. Linsley. 1980. Principal sunflower bees of North America with emphasis on the southwestern United States (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 310: 1–158.

Krombein, K.V. 1967. Superfamily Apoidea. In: Krombein, K.V., & B.D. Burks (Eds.), Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico [USDA Agriculture Monograph No. 2, Second supplement]: 422–420. United States Government Printing Office; Washington, DC; 584 pp.

Kukuk, P.F., G.C. Eickwort, & F.R. Wesley. 1985. Mate-seeking behavior of Dufourea novaeangliae (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Dufoureinae): The effects of resource depletion. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(1): 142–150.

Lincoln, P.G. 1981. Phylogeny, Host Plant Relations and Speciation in Genus Dufourea (Hymenoptera; Apoidea). PhD dissertation, University of California; Santa Cruz, CA; 307 pp.

Michener, C.D. 1937. Records and descriptions of North American bees. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 10 19(112): 393–410.

Michener, C.D. 1951. Superfamily Apoidea. In: Muesebeck, C.F., K.V. Krombein, & H.K. Townes (Eds.), Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico [USDA Agriculture Monograph No. 2]: 1043–1255. United States Government Printing Office; Washington, DC; 1420 pp.

Michener, C.D. 1974. The Social Behavior of the Bees: A Comparative Study. Belknap Press; Cambridge, MA; xii+404 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2007. The Bees of the World [2nd Edition]. Johns Hopkins University Press; Baltimore, MD; xvi+[i]+953 pp., +20 pls.

Michener, C.D., R.J. McGinley, & B.N. Danforth. 1994. The Bee Genera of North and Central America (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington, DC; x+209 pp.

Minckley, R.L., W.T. Wcislo, D. Yanega, & S.L. Buchmann. 1994. Behavior and phenology of a specialist bee (Dieunomia) and sunflower (Helianthus) pollen availability. Ecology 75(5): 1406–1419.

Mitchell, T.B. 1960. Bees of the Eastern United States [Volume I]. North Carolina Agricultural Experimental Station Technical Bulletin 141: 1–538.

Moure, J.S. & P.D. Hurd, Jr. 1987. An Annotated Catalog of the Halictid Bees of the Western Hemisphere (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington, DC; vii+405 pp.

Parker, F.D., T.L. Griswold, & J.H. Botsford. 1986. Biological notes on Nomia heteropoda Say (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 62(2): 91–94.

Pauly, A. 1990. Classification des Nomiinae Africains. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central Tervuren, Belgique, Annales Sciences Zoologiques 261: 1–206.

Pauly, A. 2009. Classification des Nomiinae de la Région Orientale, de Nouvelle-Guinée et des îles de l’Océan Pacifique (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Bulletin de l’Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 79: 151–229.

Payette, A. 2001. Première mention de l’abeille Dufourea novaeangliae (Robertson) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) pour le Québec. Fabreries 26(1): 20–25.

Reznicek, A.A., E.G. Voss, & B.S. Walters. 2011. Michigan Flora Online. University of Michigan. [last accessed 16 August 2013]

Robertson, C. 1895. Notes on bees, with descriptions of new species—Third paper. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 22(2): 115–128.

Robertson, C. 1897. North American bees: Descriptions and synonyms. Transactions of the Academy of Sciences of St. Louis 7(14): 315–356.

Rozen, J.G., Jr. 1993. Nesting biologies and immature stages of the rophitine bees (Halictidae) with notes on the cleptoparasite Biastes (Anthophoridae) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). American Museum Novitates 3066: 1–28.

Rozen, J.G., Jr., & H.T. Özbek. 2008. Immatures of rophitine bees, with notes on their nesting biology (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). American Museum Novitates 3609: 1–35.

Say, T. 1824. [Appendix. Part I.—Natural history. Zoology]. In: Keating, W.H., Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of the St. Peter’s River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods, &c. Performed in the Year 1823, by order of the Hon. J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, Under the Command of Stephen H. Long, U.S.T.E. [Volume 2]: 253–378. H.C Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia, PA; 459 pp.

Say, T. 1837. Descriptions of new species of North American Hymenoptera, and observations on some already described. Boston Journal of Natural History 1(4): 361–416.

Sheffield, C.S., P.D.N. Hebert, P.G. Kevan, & L. Packer. 2009. DNA barcoding a regional bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) fauna and its potential for ecological studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 9(S1): 196–207.

Stephen, W.P., G.E. Bohart, & P.F. Torchio. 1969. The Biology and External Morphology of Bees; with a Synopsis of the Genera of Northwestern America. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University; Corvallis, OR; 140 pp.

Stevens, O.A. 1919. The panurgine bees of North Dakota and a new Epeolus (Hym.). Canadian Entomologist 51(8): 205–210.

Torchio, P.F., J.G. Rozen, Jr., G.E. Bohart, & M.S. Favreau. 1967. Biology of Dufourea and of its cleptoparasite, Neopasites (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 75(3): 132–146.

Tuell, J.K., J.S. Ascher, & R. Isaacs. 2009. Wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) of the Michigan highbush blueberry agroecosystem. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102(2): 275–287.

Viereck, H.L. 1904. A bee visitor to Pontederia (Pickerel-weed). Entomological News 15(7): 244–246.

Viereck, H.L. 1924. The identity of Conohalictoides novaeangliae Robertson. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 26(1): 14–15.

Wcislo, W.T. 1993. Communal nesting in a North American pearly-banded bee, Nomia tetrazonata, with notes on nesting behavior of Dieunomia heteropoda (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Nomiinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 86(6): 813–821.

Wcislo, W.T., & S.L. Buchmann. 1995. Mating behaviour in the bees, Dieunomia heteropoda and Nomia tetrazonata, with a review of courtship in Nomiinae (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Journal of Natural History 29(4): 1015–1027.

Wcislo, W.T., & M.S. Engel. 1996 [1997]. Social behavior and nest architecture of nomiine bees (Hymenoptera: Halictidae; Nomiinae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, Supplement 69(4): 158–167.

Wolf, A.T., & J.S. Ascher. 2009. Bees of Wisconsin (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Great Lakes Entomologist 41(1–2): 129–168.