Beware the HIV Env, Which Comes to you in Glycosylated Coating




HCMV, Glycosylation, HIV, gp120


Excess cellular radical oxygen species are associated with an increase in cellular, including genetic
damage. In somatic cells, this may lead to cancer when genes associated with cell growth
and reproduction are impacted. Opposing radical oxygen species are antioxidants which can
quench free radicals that otherwise may damage a cell’s DNA. The body produces some antioxidants
naturally, such as glutathione, while others are obtained through diet, including vitamins
C and E. Chlorogenic Acid (CGA) is one example of a polyphenolic compound in coffee
with the potential to exhibit antioxidant and antimutagenic properties. The concentration of
CGA in a commercially available coffee was measured and its potential to exhibit antioxidant
properties was assessed. An extract was prepared in which the spectral properties of CGA
were exploited to quantitate its concentration in green coffee extract via HPLC. The antioxidant
activity of CGA was characterized by measuring its relative ability to neutralize free radicals using
a colorimetric assay vs. a pure vitamin C standard. The antimutagenic activity of CGA was
to be assessed via an Ames test using mutant Salmonella strains incapable of producing the
amino acid histidine. The results demonstrated a considerable amount of CGA in green coffee
extract, that exhibited antioxidant properties. Future work will assess antimutagenic effects
of CGA in the extract compared to the antimutagenic effect of vitamin C and pure CGA standards.
Overall, these results suggested that coffee beverages may serve as potent antioxidants
with the potential to protect consumers from the harmful effects of mutagenic free radicals.


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How to Cite

Niaman, A., Treml, J., & Logan, R. (2024). Beware the HIV Env, Which Comes to you in Glycosylated Coating. Midwestern Journal of Undergraduate Sciences, 2(1), 6-7.