The Montessori Bibliography Online

A Resource for the Global Montessori Community




Maria Montessori, Montessori method of education, databases, student-centered learning, bibliography, electronic information resources, peace education, nongraded schools


The Montessori Bibliography Online (MBO) makes information about Montessori education and the Montessori movement more accessible through an online interface that includes links to digitized source materials. Historically, Montessori bibliographies and indexes have been published in physical form and include references to other sources, but a direct link is absent. This database builds on previously compiled indexes to consolidate citations into a comprehensive repository with an intuitive user interface and a robust search capability. Additionally, the MBO provides hyperlinks to digitized source material. Although this type of tool is not unprecedented in the larger research and educational landscape, it is novel within the domain of Montessori education. This methodological essay discusses the steps I took to compile and develop the MBO. Beginning with a review of the literature and legal matters, the discussion describes the methods and processes employed. It concludes by outlining future directions for the MBO. The MBO is accessible at

Author Biography

Joel Parham, JRP Consulting & Research

Joel Parham is the CEO of JRP Consulting & Research. He is a librarian, archivist, and project management professional with nearly twenty years of experience. He can be reached at


Boehnlein, M. M. (1985). NAMTA Montessori bibliography: A bibliography of sources in the English language, 1909–1984. NAMTA Quarterly, 10(2).

Boehnlein, M. M. (Ed.). (1995). The NAMTA Montessori bibliography second edition: A bibliography of sources in the English language 1909–1993 (2nd ed.). North American Montessori Teachers’ Association.

Böhm, W. (Ed.). (1999). Maria-Montessori-Bibliographie 1896–1996: Internationale Bibliographie der Schriften und der Forschungsliteratur [Maria Montessori bibliography 1896–1996: International bibliography of writings and research literature]. Klinkhardt.

Cleveland Montessori Association. (1962). A bibliography composed of books and other materials on Maria Montessori recorded in the card catalogues of Cleveland area libraries.

Comparison of reference management software. (2022, January 10). In Wikipedia.

Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases. (1996). Official Journal of the European Communities, L 77/20.

Donahue, G. E. (1962). Dr. Maria Montessori and the Montessori movement: A general bibliography of materials in the English language, 1909–1961. In N. M. Rambusch (Ed.), Learning how to learn: An American approach to Montessori (pp. 139–175). Helicon Press.

Haines, A. (2011). A Montessori dictionary. AMI/ USA.Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use, 17 U.S.C. § 107 (1978).

Orem, R. C. (1969a). Annotated bibliography with emphasis upon Montessori and special education. In R. C. Orem (Ed.), Montessori and the special child (pp. 148–150). G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Orem, R. C. (1969b). Some early references to Montessori and special children. In R. C. Orem (Ed.), Montessori and the special child (p. 97). G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Packard, R. C. (Ed.). (1973). Index of articles which appeared in the Constructive Triangle, fall 1965, vol. I, no. 1 through winter-spring 1973, vol. VIII, no. 3-4. American Montessori Society.

Pendleton, D. R. (2002). The NAMTA Montessori bibliography and research guide (3rd ed.). NAMTA Journal, 27(2).

Rambusch, N. M. (1975). Montessori bibliography, 1950–1974 (MSS 2008.0230) [American Montessori Society Records, 1907–2015]. Archives and special collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Library.

Salassa, M. (2004). Letteratura Montessoriana 2002/2003 [Montessori literature 2002/2003]. In Centro di Studi Montessoriani (Ed.), Annuario 2003: Linee di ricerca sulla pedagogia di Maria Montessori [Yearbook 2003: Research approaches into the pedagogy of Maria Montessori] (pp. 201–208). FrancoAngeli.

Salassa, M. (2005). Letteratura Montessoriana 2004 [Montessori literature 2004]. In Centro di Studi Montessoriani (Ed.), Annuario 2004: Linee di ricerca sulla pedagogia di Maria Montessori [Yearbook 2004: Research approaches into the pedagogy of Maria Montessori] (pp. 167–172). FrancoAngeli.

Smith, K. L., & Macklin, L. (2014). A framework for analyzing any U.S. copyright problem.

Stevens, E. Y. (1913). The Montessori movement. McClure’s Magazine, 41(3), 170–174.

Tornar, C. (Ed.). (2001). Montessori: Bibliografia internazionale / International bibliography, 1896–2000. Opera Nazionale Montessori.




How to Cite

Parham, J. (2022). The Montessori Bibliography Online: A Resource for the Global Montessori Community. Journal of Montessori Research, 8(1).