Vena Cava Filter Complications:

Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Presenting as a Gastrointestinal Bleed

  • Patrick G. McEnulty
  • William J. Salyers
  • Akash Joshi
Keywords: vena cava filter, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, pseudoaneurysm


Vena cava filters (VCFs) have been employed at a rapidly growing
pace over the last two decades.1,2 In fact, VCFs are placed in patients
in the United States at an estimated rate of 25 times that in Europe.3
Likewise, the number of reported complications from VCFs also
has increased significantly.1,4 The growing collection of literature on
VCFs has led to an increased awareness of potential adverse outcomes
after filter insertion, and emphasis on appropriate prevention
and treatment of these complications. We present an unusual case of
abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm resulting from VCF perforation
in a young patient who presented with hematemesis.

Case Reports