Suture Education with Soft-Embalmed Cadavers: A Cut Above the Rest
Suture Education with Soft-Embalmed Cadavers
Keywords:Procedural Skills Training, Medical Student, Suture Education, Cadaver, Medical Education, Near Peer Teaching
Introduction. Assess the efficacy of a surgical skills curriculum for third-year medical students focused on suturing training on soft embalmed cadavers, which simulate natural tissue more effectively for surgical procedures than traditionally preserved cadavers or surgical practice pads.
Methods. We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing pre- and post-survey results at a premier, accredited, nationally ranked academic medical center. Study participants were third-year medical students completing their required surgical clerkship rotation who participated in suturing sessions on both synthetic suture practice pads and soft-embalmed cadavers prior to beginning their operating room experience.
Results. A total of 40 participants were included with slightly more male participants. The majority of participants (52%) were interested in pursuing a non-surgical career. After participating in Clinical Anatomy Mentorship Program (CAMP), participants felt significantly more confident in their ability to suture in the operating room (median 4 [3-4] vs. 2 [1-3], p<0.001); in their knowledge of basic suturing supplies and instruments (median 4 [4-4] vs. 3 [2-3], p<0.001); and in their ability to determine when different suture techniques are appropriate in the operating room (median 3 [3-4] vs. 1 [1-2], p<0.001). Participants felt more confident in their ability to suture in the operating room after their experience suturing on soft-embalmed cadavers compared to suture practice pads (median 5 [4-5] vs. 4 [4-4], p=0.002).
Conclusions. Medical students' confidence in suturing skills and in the knowledge of important characteristics of suturing practice was significantly improved after a suture training session on soft-embalmed cadavers.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Maxwell C. Braasch, MPH, Heather Minchew, Justin Riffel, German Berbel, D.O.
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