Associations between Fall Distance, Age, and Trauma Outcomes in Older Adult Patients
Keywords:falls, aged, mortality, referral and consultation
Introduction. Falls are the leading cause of injury death among
older adults. This study sought to determine if there are differences
between fall distance (ground level vs greater than ground
level) and age (old vs very old) in terms of in-hospital mortality,
orthopedic consultations, and neurological consultations.
Methods. A retrospective trauma registry review was conducted
of older adult patients (aged > 65 years), admitted to a
Midwestern Level I trauma facility (2005 - 2010) due to a fall.
Results. Of the 1,064 patients analyzed, the majority fell from
ground level compared to greater than ground level (64% and
36%, respectively). Median age was 80 years. Fall distance was
not associated significantly with in-hospital mortality (OR
0.88; CI 0.50 - 1.54) or neurological consultations (OR 1.02; CI
0.72 - 1.43), but was associated with orthopedic consultations
(OR 1.49; CI 1.09 - 2.04). Age was not associated with in-hospital
mortality or neurological or orthopedic consultations.
Conclusions. Fall distance was not associated with in-hospital
mortality or receiving a neurological consultation.
However, older adults who fell from greater than ground
level were more likely to receive orthopedic consultations.
There were no differences in in-hospital mortality or receiving
a neurological or orthopedic consultation based on
age. These findings indicated that as the older adult population
increases, burden of care will increase for trauma centers
and neurological services. KS J Med 2016;9(3):54-57.
How to Cite
All articles in the Kansas Journal of Medicine are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0).