An Examination of the Impact of Relative Age Effects and Academic Timing on Intercollegiate Athletics Participation in Women’s Softball

Authors

  • Jess C. Dixon University of Windsor
  • Vincenzo Liburdi University of Windsor
  • Sean Horton University of Windsor
  • Patricia L. Weir University of Windsor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.6.2.147

Keywords:

relative age effect, academic timing, ntercollegiate athletics, women’s softball, NCAA

Abstract

This investigation makes three noteworthy contributions to literature on the Relative Age Effect (RAE); 1) it adds to the small number of studies in women’s sports, 2) it is one of very few papers to examine the RAE in intercollegiate athletics, and 3) it (re-)introduces “academic timing” to the discussion of RAEs in this context. The 50 top-ranked NCAA Division I women’s softball teams at the conclusion of the 2011 season served as the focus for this investigation. Student-athletes were grouped into quartiles according to their birth date and identified as “on-time” or “academically delayed” based on their birth year and eligibility status. On-time student-athletes were over four times more likely to be born in quartile one than in quartile four, demonstrating a traditional RAE. This pattern was reversed for those who were academically delayed, with quartile four birth dates constituting more than half of the entire sample.

Author Biographies

Jess C. Dixon, University of Windsor

The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Vincenzo Liburdi, University of Windsor

The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Sean Horton, University of Windsor

The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Patricia L. Weir, University of Windsor

The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

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Published

2013-12-01

How to Cite

Dixon, J. C., Liburdi, V., Horton, S., & Weir, P. L. (2013). An Examination of the Impact of Relative Age Effects and Academic Timing on Intercollegiate Athletics Participation in Women’s Softball. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 6(2), 147–163. https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.6.2.147