An Exploratory Examination of Burnout in NCAA Division II Athletes

Authors

  • Lawrence W. Judge Ball State University
  • Robert J. Bell Ball State University
  • Rachel Theodore Ball State University
  • Laura Simon Ball State University
  • David Bellar University of Louisiana at Lafayette

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.5.2.230

Keywords:

burnout, NCAA Division II, collegiate athletes, athlete burnout questionnaire

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the causes of burnout among student-athletes in Division II institutions. The authors distributed the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) to 125 undergraduate student-athletes enrolled at three Division II colleges and universities. The athletes competed in various sports. A 2 (Gender) × 2 (Type of Scholarship) × 2 (School Status) analysis of variance revealed that women and men reported different levels of burnout dependent upon type of scholarship. Men with no scholarship reported the lowest levels of burnout among the three types (None/Academic/Athletic), whereas women with no type of scholarship reported the highest levels of burnout. The authors discuss the results and offer implications, limitations, and future directions.

Author Biographies

Lawrence W. Judge, Ball State University

Judge, Bell, Theodore, and Simon are with the Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Bellar is with the Kinesiology Dept., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.

Robert J. Bell, Ball State University

Judge, Bell, Theodore, and Simon are with the Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Bellar is with the Kinesiology Dept., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.

Rachel Theodore, Ball State University

Judge, Bell, Theodore, and Simon are with the Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Bellar is with the Kinesiology Dept., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.

Laura Simon, Ball State University

Judge, Bell, Theodore, and Simon are with the Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Bellar is with the Kinesiology Dept., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.

David Bellar, University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Judge, Bell, Theodore, and Simon are with the Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN. Bellar is with the Kinesiology Dept., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.

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Published

2012-12-01

How to Cite

Judge, L. W., Bell, R. J., Theodore, R., Simon, L., & Bellar, D. (2012). An Exploratory Examination of Burnout in NCAA Division II Athletes. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 5(2), 230–240. https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.5.2.230