The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership, Leader Effectiveness, and Turnover Intentions

Do Subordinate Gender Differences Exist?

Authors

  • Janelle E. Wells Florida State University
  • Jon Welty Peachey University of Illinois
  • Nefertiti Walker University of Massachusetts-Amherst

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.2013-0074

Keywords:

leadership, effectiveness, intercollegiate athletics, turnover

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine gender differences among subordinates in the strength of relationships between transformational leadership, leader effectiveness, and voluntary organizational turnover intentions. The authors drew from various theoretical bases, including transformational leadership theory, social role theory, and role congruity theory, to undergird the research. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I male and female assistant coaches of women’s basketball, softball, and volleyball teams (N = 294) responded to the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and turnover intention questionnaire. Structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed a noteworthy gender difference in the strength of relationship between leader effectiveness and voluntary organizational turnover intentions. Contributions and implications are discussed.

Author Biographies

Janelle E. Wells, Florida State University

Wells is with the Dept. of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Welty Peachey is with the Dept. of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL. Walker is with the Dept. of Sport Management, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA. Address author correspondence to Janelle Wells at jewells@fsu.edu.

Jon Welty Peachey, University of Illinois

Wells is with the Dept. of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Welty Peachey is with the Dept. of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL. Walker is with the Dept. of Sport Management, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA. Address author correspondence to Janelle Wells at jewells@fsu.edu.

Nefertiti Walker, University of Massachusetts-Amherst

Wells is with the Dept. of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. Welty Peachey is with the Dept. of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL. Walker is with the Dept. of Sport Management, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA. Address author correspondence to Janelle Wells at jewells@fsu.edu.

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Published

2014-06-01

How to Cite

Wells, J. E., Peachey, J. W., & Walker, N. (2014). The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership, Leader Effectiveness, and Turnover Intentions: Do Subordinate Gender Differences Exist?. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 7(1), 64–79. https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.2013-0074