Special Issue on Title IX Call for Papers
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport
Special Issue Call for Papers
Title IX @ 50:
Its Future in Shaping Inclusive Excellence in College Sport
Ellen J. Staurowsky, Ed.D., Professor, Roy H. Park School of Communications, Ithaca College
Associate Guest Editor
Courtney L. Flowers, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sport Management, Texas Southern University
The Journal of Intercollegiate Sport will be publishing a special issue devoted to Title IX of the
Education Amendments Act of 1972, otherwise known as the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in
Education Act, and its impact on college sport in recognition of Title IX’s upcoming 50th
anniversary in 2022. This issue encourages submissions that offer critical analyses of Title IX’s
contributions to the college sport landscape and perspectives on the future of Title IX in shaping
inclusive excellence in college sport, if that is possible. Conceptual, empirical, and theoretical
submissions are encouraged grounded in gender, critical and race theories, and other theoretical
Contributors are welcome to contact the guest editor or associate guest editor if they have
questions about a potential submission. For more background on the issue, please refer to the
JIS Special Issue on Title IX @ 50: Its Future in Shaping Inclusive Excellence in College Sport
Expanded Background (see below).
Themes that authors may address include, but are not limited to, the following:
* The politics of Title IX
* Critical analyses of the Title IX regulatory system
* Reexamination of the three-part test of Title IX athletic participation
* Reexamination of how athletic scholarship allocations are handled under Title IX
* The relevance of the contact sport exemption in the 21st century
* The impact of Title IX on media coverage of female college athletes and women’s
* Critical analyses of Title IX’s effectiveness in fostering and promoting access and
opportunity for Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) female athletes
* Title IX’s protections for LGBTQ athletes and non-binary athletes
* Title IX, COVID-19, and college sport programs
* Socio-historical reflections on how the evolution of Title IX has, or has not, shaped the
college sport industry
* Other topics of relevance
Manuscripts should follow the guidelines in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (www.apa.org), and should be prepared in accordance with the Journal of Intercollegiate Sport “Authors Guidelines.” These guidelines and the submission portal are available here:
Manuscripts must not be submitted to another journal while they are under review by the
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, nor should they have been previously published.
Manuscripts should be submitted no later than December 15, 2021 using the Journal of Intercollegiate Sport submission portal (https://journals.ku.edu/jis/about/submissions). The issue is expected to be published in June of 2022. Authors should indicate in their cover letter that the submission is to be considered for the Special Issue on Title IX @ 50: Its Future in Shaping Inclusive Excellence in College Sport.
Guest Editor – Contact Information
Ellen J. Staurowsky: email@example.com
Associate Guest Editor – Contact Information
Courtney L. Flowers: firstname.lastname@example.org
Special Issue Background
Title IX @ 50:
Its Future in Shaping Inclusive Excellence in College Sport
When Title IX of the Education Amendments Act was passed in 1972, uncertainty abounded as to the effect that it would have on schools receiving federal funding. Those espousing liberal feminist notions of fairness and equity celebrated the creation of pathways for women to access professional careers once blocked by sex discriminatory policies and practices. Expansive in its scope and reach, Title IX has been credited with dramatically impacting the shape of educational institutions in the United States, opening more doors to occupations for women in aerospace, business, engineering, law, media, medicine, the military, politics, sport, and technology.
In the five decades that have come and are nearly gone since its passage, Title IX’s application to intercollegiate athletics has led to robust and ongoing conversations about the allocation of resources on the basis of sex within athletic departments impacting participation opportunities, athletic scholarship allocations, and investments in women’s sports programs in an array of operational areas. Much work has also been done in terms of the application of Title IX as it applies in areas of college athlete and coach compensation, pregnancy, retaliation, and sexual abuse/harassment.
The question of whether Title IX has been a transformative piece of legislation in addressing entrenched sexist attitudes and sexism in college sport remains very much up for debate. While majorities of U.S. citizens typically support the general idea of gender equity as it is associated with Title IX, few constituencies within athletic departments have a sound knowledge of the law or what it requires (Druckman et al., 2014; 2020; Staurowsky & Weight, 2011, 2013). Five decades after the law went into effect, few NCAA Division I Title IX athletics coordinators (or those who are tasked with doing the job) report conducting face-to-face or online sessions to educate athletes and coaches about Title IX as it applies to athletics (Staurowsky & Rhoads, 2020).
Research done by Hogshead-Makar (2020), Staurowsky et al. (2020), and others points to large patterns of systemic discrimination within the college sport system that favors male athletes and men’s programs. Using rationales that were no different from those in the 1970s, athletics administrators at a number of schools attempted to and/or were successful in cutting women’s programs in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic (Hensley-Clancy, 2021). Women remain significantly underrepresented in the head coaching ranks of college and university athletics programs (LaVoi & Wasend, 2018). In keeping with longstanding tradition, Title IX has been used politically to resist change, as evidenced in claims by opponents of efforts to compensate college athletes for their labor that such efforts would undermine the fair treatment of female athletes (Staurowsky, 2014; Hallman, 2021). Lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, and transgender athletes (LGBT) and non-gender conforming athletes continue to face hostile environments at the college level (Anderson, 2021). In 2021, state legislatures are considering and/or passing a record number of bills to bar transgender female athletes from participating on the teams that match their gender identity, setting up the potential for challenges to those laws that may be in conflict with Title IX protections (Hobson, 2021). With the rapid rise in the popularity of esports on college campuses, the question of whether esports teams can be classified as intercollegiate sports under Title IX has been explored (Walton et al., 2020) while concerns about the toxicity of the culture of the sport and growth models warrant Title IX consideration (Prescott & Levin, 2020; Ruf, 2020).
As Title IX’s anniversary approaches, so too will it mark the 10th year since the Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem hosted a panel with the title “What’s Not Being Said About Title IX?” Speaking to limitations of Title IX in addressing systems of oppression that have historically left women of color behind or rendered them invisible (Evans, 1998), New York Times reporter William Rhoden (2012), who covered the event, concluded, “The most glaring outcome of the legislation is that white women – as athletes and administrators – have been the overwhelming beneficiaries.”
This special issue focuses on the future of Title IX, its impact on college sport, and what inclusive excellence (Carter-Francique, 2018) means when intersections between gender, gender identity, and race are considered. Conceptual, empirical, and theoretical submissions are encouraged grounded in gender, critical and race theories, and other theoretical frameworks. In this special issue, we invite scholars to offer critical analyses of Title IX as an instrument for meaningful change.
Please direct questions regarding the focus of the issue to the Special Issue Guest Editor,
Ellen J. Staurowsky, Ithaca College, email@example.com; or the Special Issue Associate Guest Editor, Courtney L. Flowers, Texas Southern University, firstname.lastname@example.org